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What is CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate)?

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As you navigate through financial planning and investments, understanding the meaning of CAGR is important in making informed decisions. This blog looks at the concept of CAGR, exploring its significance and applications within the Indian financial framework.CAGR stands for Compound Annual Growth Rate. It is a crucial metric used to measure the geometric progression that provides a constant rate of return over a specific time period. Unlike simple annual growth rates, CAGR considers the effect of compounding, offering a more accurate representation of an investment's annual growth.

Why is CAGR important?

The significance of CAGR lies in its ability to provide a more insightful perspective on investment returns. Typically, individuals tend to assess returns in absolute terms. Consider a scenario where you invest Rs 1,000 in a specific Mutual Fund for a period of three years and by the end of the third year, the investment's value increases to Rs 1,850.

In absolute terms, the fund yielded an 85% return over those three years, indicating a nearly doubled value. However, this absolute figure can be deceptive as it does not offer information about the annual growth rate. This is where CAGR proves to be highly valuable.

Calculating CAGR

To compute the Compound Annual Growth Rate for an investment, follow these steps:

  • Divide the investment's value at the end of the period by its value at the beginning

  • Raise the obtained result to the power of one divided by the number of years

  • Subtract one from the subsequent result

  • Multiply the outcome by 100 to express the answer as a percentage.

You can also use the following formula to calculate:

CAGR = (FV / PV) ^ (1 / n) – 1

In this formula, FV stands for the Future Value of the investment, PV stands for the Present Value of the investment and n stands for the number of years of investment.

You can also use the ICICI Bank CAGR Calculator online. You only need to enter three details: Initial value, final value and the duration of investment and you are ready with the result.

Why CAGR matters?

Smoothing out volatility

One of the key advantages of using CAGR is its ability to smooth out the impact of market volatility. In the Indian financial scenario, where markets can be subject to fluctuations, CAGR offers a more stable representation of an investment's performance.

Comparing Investments

CAGR becomes a handy tool when comparing the historical performance of different investments. Whether you are assessing the growth of Mutual Funds, stocks or other financial instruments, CAGR provides a standardised metric for comparison.

Long-term investment analysis

CAGR becomes particularly relevant in a country like India where long-term investment is often emphasised. It helps investors assess the sustainable growth of their investments over extended periods, helping in strategic financial planning.

Real-world application of CAGR in India

Let us consider a real-world scenario to illustrate the application of CAGR in the Indian investment landscape. Suppose you invested in a portfolio of Indian stocks five years ago. The initial value of your investment was Rs 5,00,000, and today, it stands at Rs 8,00,000.

Using the CAGR formula:

CAGR = 8,00,000/5,00,000 ^ (⅕) - 1

= 9.86%

By calculating this, you can determine the CAGR, providing valuable insights into your stock portfolio's average annual growth rate over the past five years.

CAGR in financial planning

The CAGR emerges as an important tool when you plan your finances. Whether you are an individual investor, a financial advisor or a corporate entity, understanding the CAGR is fundamental for making sound financial decisions.

Setting realistic goals

CAGR helps in setting realistic financial goals by providing a clear picture of what can be achieved over a specific timeframe. It helps individuals align their expectations with the historical performance of their investments.

Risk assessment

In the Indian financial market where risk management is a crucial aspect of investment strategy, CAGR plays a significant role. It allows investors to assess the risk-adjusted returns of their portfolios, enabling them to make informed decisions based on their risk tolerance.


CAGR is a powerful tool, empowering individuals and entities in their financial decision-making journey. In India, where the investment landscape is diverse and dynamic, CAGR stands out as a reliable metric for evaluating and comparing the performance of various financial instruments.

Consider integrating CAGR into your analytical toolkit when you are heading towards creating wealth. It is not just a number but a valuable indicator that can guide you in making strategic investment decisions, aligning your financial goals with the reality of market performance. Use ICICI Bank CAGR Calculator online for free.

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